WHY THE OX IS DIFFERENT

Technical

No need for 4-wheel drive

Four-wheel-drive systems add weight, complexity and cost to a vehicle. They also reduce ground clearance and increase tyre wear and fuel consumption. Through clever and innovative design the two-wheel-drive OX has most of the attributes of a four-wheel-drive vehicle, but without the compromises.

The OX has been specifically designed to perform as well as, or better than, a four-wheel drive vehicle, while offering low cost and durable mobility.

Ground clearance & wading capability

Covering rough ground depends less upon the number of driven wheels than the balance and the ground clearance of the vehicle. The OX is driven by two wheels, which allows a great deal more ground clearance, without the need for larger and more expensive wheels and tyres. In addition, its wide wheelbase allows it to follow the tracks of larger vehicles on unpaved roads. With wading capability in a water depth up to 1m, OX has the ability to traverse flooded terrain with ease.

Grip

The OX grips the surface over which it is travelling very effectively because it has fully independent OXGlide™ suspension on all four wheels. This also makes the vehicle much more stable over rough ground than is usually the case with off-road vehicles.

Powertrain

The powertrain in the OX prototypes is an ultra-reliable 2.2-litre Ford diesel unit. As technologies develop, it could be switched to an electrical or, for example, hydrogen-powered system. At present, these systems are not easily re-fuelled in the developing world.

Structure

At the heart of the vehicle is a strong but light sub-assembly that functions as a chassis and the external shell is of all-flat, extremely strong and waterproof bonded wood composite. The glass panels are also flat, which keeps initial costs low, and facilitates compact storage in the replacement-parts supply chain, thus keeping maintenance costs down.

ALL TERRAIN COMPARISONS

An all-terrain vehicle should have the following features if it is going to be truly effective in coping with mud, deep sand, deep ruts, steep climbs, deep wading, highly cambered surfaces and dusty conditions:

ConditionFeatureOX4x4 Cab Truck4x4 Passenger Vehicle
Rutted RoadsAll independent suspension
Steep ClimbsAt least 45° approach and departure angle
Rutted RoadsVery good ramp over angle
Deep SandSmooth underside
Mud & SandLightweight
TractionHigh percentage of weight over driven wheels
WadingGood wading depth engine running
WadingGood wading depth engine stop/start
DustFully sealed fuel filler / air filter / water header
Rutted RampsHigh ground clearance - fully laden
Rutted RoadsWide track
Traction & GripGood tyres
Steep BanksTraversing angle
Steep RoadsLow centre of gravity
Rutted RoadsLong wheel travel

An all-terrain vehicle which is designed to service communities in rural areas at a reasonable cost should have the following features:

FeatureOX4x4 Cab Truck4x4 Passenger Vehicle
Low-cost spare parts
Bolt-on body panels
Common suspension parts LH and RH
Simple accident damage repair
In-field chassis repair
Flat packing
DIY assembly
High load-carrying capacity (2000kg)
High load people carrier (13 people)
Small, manoeuvrable vehicle
Flexible load space
Low floor load
8 x 220 water/fluid drums carrying capacity
3 x 150 pallet carrying capacity
High-capacity cabin stowage
Low-angle loading ramp
1,200km range
Simple windscreen repair
Zero corrosion body
Three-seat cab
Central driving position

FLAT PACKING

The OX is the world’s first flat-pack vehicle. The components and sub-assemblies of the OX are tightly arranged within its own frame, with a separate transport crate housing the engine and gearbox. It takes three people approximately 5.4 hours to create the flat pack in the UK prior to shipping. The flat-packs are then transferred to a container, which can accommodate six OXs. This is effectively three times more efficient than transporting fully-assembled vehicles, of which only two would normally fit in a 40ft high-cube container.

Flat-Packing1

Flat-Packing2

Flat-Packing3


TRANSPORT

Beyond the financial and environmental benefits of shipping more vehicles in one container, the flat-pack system means that OXs can be transported in greater numbers to where they are needed more quickly, and may benefit from reduced import duty.


BUILD

Assembly labour is transferred to the importing country, where local professional companies will be employed to assemble and maintain the finished vehicles. Three trained (but not necessarily expert) people can put an OX together in approximately 12 hours.

self-assembly1

self-assembly2

self-assembly3